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Ficus Trees: The Five Common Types

Figs, otherwise referred to as Ficus, are flowering plants that are native to specific parts of Asia and the Middle East. It holds great importance in areas where it is cultivated for various cultural as well as religious reasons.

The genus, Ficus, has about 850 species, but the following are the five most common:Under the genus, Ficus, are some 850 species, and below are five of the most common:The genus, Ficus, has at least 850 known species, the following being the five most common:

Ficus benjamina

Ficus benjamina is the most famous of all figs and is easily identified by its usually dark colors and sometimes blemished appearance. While it grows rapidly in well-lit habitats, the tree can survive with very little light and water, even reaching 4 meters in height. Ficus benjamina trees are also called weeping trees due to their shedding of leaves every time they are transferred to another position, especially in an uncomplimentary habitat.

Ficus lyrata

This type of Ficus tree is known for its trendiness and has been mainly used as an ornament then and now. A small tree, it grows best in bright areas and is also called the fiddle leaf or the banjo fig treeAlso called the banjo fig tree or the fiddle leaf, this small one thrives in bright areas. It continues to grow provided it is not in direct sunlight, otherwise, its leaves may burn.

Ficus elastica

People often find it weird when they learn that Ficus elastica is indeed a rubber tree and remains a fig tree specie. This product of several combined types of figs are original to an Asian tropical forest. The F. elastica can reach heights of 130 feet and has big, polished leaves that may have the same blotches found in F. banjamina.

Ficus microcarpa

Also referred to as Ficus ginseng, the F. microcarpa is not really a tree or shrub but a twisting aerial root from which leaves sprout. This plant can have a height anywhere between 16 inches and 3 feet, and looks like a bonsai. Just like F. lyrata, this tree is often used as an ornament. It thrives best in temperatures between 55 to degrees Fahrenheit during winters and in the shade during summers.

Ficus congesta

Ficus congesta, otherwise known as the cluster fig trees, are indigenous to the Philippines and Indonesia. The fruits this plant, as you one can tell from its name, grows in clusters both on the tree’s branches and on its trunk. The leaves of these trees are curled up at first, and then they unfurl and display varying shades of red – a glorious sight for most people. The F. congesta trees are known locally by many names, like the congested fig trees and the Satterthwaite fig. While we can’t fit all the interesting information about these plants in one page.